Physical bullying involves hurting a person's body or possessions.
A student can be physically hurt ranging from minor bruises to severe injuries like lacerations, broken bones, and internal injuries.
Physical bullying includes:
- Hitting, kicking, or pinching
- Inappropriate touching, sexual gestures or groping
- Tripping or pushing
- Taking or breaking someone's things
- Making mean or rude hand or facial gestures*
- Threatening with or without a weapon
Verbal bullying is saying or writing mean or distressing things.*
Verbal bullying includes:
- Inappropriate sexual comments
- Threatening to cause harm
Social or Relational Bullying
Social bullying, sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone's reputation or relationships.
Social bullying includes:
- Excluding others from the group or leaving someone out on purpose
- Rolling eyes or hair tossing
- Ignoring, shunning, or telling other children not to be friends with someone
- Spreading rumors about someone or damaging friendships
- Embarrassing someone in public or setting others up to look foolish
Using e-mail, social network sites, cell phones, webcams, text messages, Internet sites, etc., to send mean messages, spread rumors, and post embarrassing pictures or videos and fake websites or profiles.
Social networking and Internet sites include platforms such as:
- Craigslist, Instagram, Facebook, FaceTime, Flickr, Pinterest, Reddit, Skype, Snapchat, Twitter, Tumblr, Whatsapp, or YouTube (These are constantly changing).
- And other media or websites, not typically known by adults, such as:
- Ask.fm, Chatroulette, Kik, Pheed, Qooh.me, Vine, Wanelo, WeChat, or 4Chan (These are constantly changing).*
Facts about Cyberbullying
- Cyberbullying happens 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Cyberbullying can be done at any time of day or night, and it is much more difficult for a student being bullied to escape the bullying because social media is everywhere.
- Although cyberbullying may occur less frequently than other forms of bullying, it can have more devastating results because it can involve potentially hundreds of students, depending on where and how comments are posted. It can be difficult and sometimes impossible to trace the source.
- Cyberbullying can involve the posting of pictures as well as statements.
- Cyberbullying may include anonymous posts with the potential to be distributed instantly to a wide audience. Because posts may be submitted anonymously from anywhere, students who cyberbully may post statements (or images) that they might not otherwise say in a face-to-face situation.
- Deleting inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures is extremely difficult after they have been posted or sent. Because cyberbullying can be done without drawing the attention of teachers and other adults, it is often the most difficult form of bullying to spot and address when it is occurring.
*Section adapted by additional information provided by C.O.P.E. and the Rainbow Community Center.